Law Society of Scotland
This organisation is the professional governing body for Scottish solicitors.
In Scotland, a legal advisor is a legally qualified lawyer who provides independent advice on the law and court procedure to justices of the peace.
Scottish legislation is made up of the laws passed by the Scottish Parliament and by the UK Parliament.
Offenders 'released on licence' are let out of prison into the community on certain conditions - which means they must follow certain rules. Being on licence means they are still serving a prison sentence but can live in the community instead of being in prison. While on licence, they must follow rules, for example, staying at home at night. If they break any of the rules, they will go back to prison (be recalled).
This sentence lasts for the rest of a person’s life. Offenders given a life sentence will serve a period in prison or detention set by the judge. They will then only be released into the community on licence if the Parole Board thinks they are not a risk to the public. On licence means under certain conditions. However, offenders can be recalled to prison at any time if they break, or are at risk of breaking, the terms of their licence.
Long-term determinate sentence
This is a custodial sentence of four years or more.
The Lord Advocate is the senior law officer responsible for the prosecution of crime in Scotland, and is the principal legal adviser to the Scottish Government. He or she also has responsibility for the investigation of deaths.
Lord Justice Clerk
The Lord Justice Clerk is the second most senior judge in Scotland with particular responsibility for criminal law. The Lord Justice Clerk is also Chair of the Scottish Sentencing Council.
Lord Justice General
The Lord Justice General is head of the High Court of Justiciary and the most senior criminal judge in Scotland. Under a different title, he or she is also the Lord President of the Court of Session and the most senior civil judge in Scotland.
The Lord President is the head of the Court of Session, the most senior civil judge in Scotland, and the head of the judiciary (judges). Under a different title, he or she is also the Lord Justice General of the High Court of justiciary and the most senior criminal judge in Scotland.